Illegal logging is a scourge for many developing nations, imperiling forests and biodiversity and robbing the government of direly needed revenues. So it's heartening to hear that the battle against illegal logging is gaining some traction.
A key development has been the growing impact of laws or regulations designed to reduce illegal trade in timber-consuming nations. These include the European Union's FLEGT (Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade) measures, the Lacey Act in the U.S., and Australia's Illegal-Logging Prohibition Act.
All of these measures put teeth into rules that regulate timber imports. In essence, they require companies importing timber to use 'due diligence' to ensure that the wood or paper products they import are legal.
Heavy penalties can apply for those who knowingly or negligently flaunt the law.
According to recent reports by Chatham House, a leading U.K. think tank, high-risk timber imports are falling for most timber-importing nations, including the U.S., Japan, Britain, France, and the Netherlands. Australia's legislation is only beginning to be enforced now.
The Chatham House reports suggest that Japan is lagging somewhat, because it imports lots of wood and paper products from China, Russia, and Malaysia, all of which are thought to deal frequently in illegal timber.
This progress is definitely good news, and it illustrates the importance and impact of legislation that tightens the rules for timber importers.
Notably, opponents of such laws -- including the notorious timber lobbyist Alan Oxley -- have long argued that these measures were unnecessary and would be ineffective. The Chatham House reports clearly show such arguments are wrong.