Although originally trained as an economist, Rhett Butler -- the entrepreneurial founder of the leading environmental website Mongabay.com -- has become one of the world's most respected thinkers about rainforest ecology and conservation. And when someone of Rhett's caliber says there's real reason to be hopeful about the future, it's time to listen.
In a recent essay, Rhett argues that two developments are beginning to change the landscape for rainforest conservation.
The first is that deforestation is increasingly shifting from a poverty-driven phenomenon to one driven by profits, with forests being felled to produce timber and agricultural goods -- such as oil palm, soy, sugar, and beef -- destined for international and urban markets.
That means that consumers -- including you and me -- can increasingly have a voice. We can vote with our wallets, electing to buy sustainably produced products and to avoid those that contribute to forest destruction.
This changing reality is starting have real effect. In just the past year or two, many of the world's largest oil palm, wood-pulp, and food-producing corporations have announced no-deforestation commitments. The jury is still out for many of these corporations, but the trend and reality is undeniable: It's not longer possible to wantonly destroy tropical forests with arrogance and impunity.
The other sea-change is the increasing use of satellite monitoring to track deforestation in real time. This is a huge arrow in the quiver of conservationists, as much forest destruction and degradation is illegal -- occurring in the shadows of remote frontier regions.
In the vast Brazilian Amazon, for instance, the annual rate of deforestation has fallen by at least 75 percent, and many credit the nation's marriage of real-time satellite monitoring with geographic data on land titling and ownership as a crucial element. This has allowed authorities to know where and when deforestation is occurring illegally, so they can crack down on offenders.
Such remote-sensing data are increasingly being used by organizations such as Global Forest Watch to monitor forest loss and degradation around the world. In addition, cool new technologies such as drones, automatic cameras, DNA analysis, and smart-phones are giving conservationists a leg up in the battle to detect illegal activities.
Deforestation has remained stubbornly high in many tropical regions. But, as Rhett Butler argues, thanks to mounting consumer pressures and remarkable new technologies, there is real reason for hope.